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Calibrate your Hygrometer

A hygrometer is an instrument used to measure relative humidity. Relative humidity is a measure of how much water the air is holding, relative to the maximum amount of water the air could possibly hold at a given temperature. Because of the delicate design of hygrometers, it is easy for them to become inaccurate (e.g. with shipping or just over time).

A simple method of calibrating your hygrometer will help ensure you are measuring the relative humidity as accurately as possible. Hygrometers should be calibrated yearly.

Hygrometer Stock RangeHygrometers are available in both digital and dial models, and both should be checked for calibration. Some dial types will have a small screw or adjustment on the back so you can adjust them after calibration.

Tip: Give a hygrometer about 2 hours to stabilize before taking a reading, as changes in the relative humidity may take a while to register accurately on a hygrometer.

To calibrate a hygrometer you will need:
• 1/2 cup table salt
•Approximately 1/4 cup water
•Coffee cup
•Large re-sealable freezer bag

Instruction Guide:
1. Place 1/2 cup of salt in the Coffee cup, add in the water. Stir for a bit to totally saturate the salt. The salt won't dissolve in this amount of water; Instead, the salt should have the consistency of wet sand.
2. Carefully place the cup containing the salt/water mix in a re-sealable plastic bag.
3. Place the hygrometer in the bag, away from the cup of salt and water.
Note: Make sure none of the salt/water mix comes in direct contact with the hygrometer, otherwise the hygrometer may result in damaged. Making sure you completely seal the bag.
4.Place the sealed bag aside at room temperature for 8-12 hours. Pick a location free of drafts, out of direct sunlight and away from heating or cooling vents. The temperature should be fairly constant.
5. After being in the sealed bag for 8-12 hours, check the reading of the hygrometer. It is best to read it while still in the bag, since if your house air is dry the reading may go down quickly once you take the hygrometer out of the bag. The relative humidity in the sealed bag with the salt/water mix should be 75 percent.

Hygrometer Stock Range
How to Calibrate a Hygrometer - Adjusting After Calibration
If yours is the adjustable type, adjust the screw or setting so that it would have read 75 percent. You will have to do this very quickly, or remember how much you need to adjust the setting (e.g. if it read 72 percent when it should have been 75 percent, you would need to set it ahead by 3 percentage points).

You may want to put the hygrometer back in the bag for another 8 hours to double check your adjustment.

Remember: Always give a hygrometer about 2 hours to stabilize before taking a reading, as changes in the relative humidity may take a while to register accurately on a hygrometer.

To view the full range of hygrometers and humidifier accessories click here

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